Trading is an art. By being aware of your intuition and your feelings, you may find that you are able to trade in unique and different ways. The only way to discover that is by documenting it. The information can be maintained separately or right on the charts that you use to execute trades. The key is to document your emotions, logic, and reasoning for entering and exiting trades. Through the accumulation of 10, 30, or 100 journal entries, you are able to reasonably determine how well you are doing.
Use things around the house that they already know and love! : My son has a HUGE adoration for his Thomas Trains... he can tell you every single trains name, number and color. When we started working on recognizing numbers and colors, I tried to use posters, games, workbooks, etc that would help him learn to recognize them... all to no avail! One day, we were playing with his trains, and HE asked me what number one of the trains was. Bells went off in my head and I realized that I could cater his natural curiosity about his beloved trains, and still be 'teaching' him to recognize numbers at the same time!
If you are not willing to do the math, do you really deserve the profits? When you are investing in such a highly leveraged investment, it's important that you understand the basics of the trade, the value of what you are putting into it, what you are getting out of it, and all of your potential loss scenarios.
Go Shopping! : You can cater this to all different ages. For young children, you can do a 'mock shop' and let them pretend to go shopping in a pretend store (your kitchen). Label certain items with easy to read prices and print some pretend money for them to shop with! For older children, you can let them help you in the actual grocery store with a specific shopping list. You can even set specific spending limits and give a specific amount of items and let them determine what they can afford, etc.