I have observed teachers who really challenge their students to achieve higher order thinking These teachers take their students as early as the Second Grade and teach them how to add, subtract, multiply and divide using only their bran. We call this Mental Math. When I observed a Second Grade Class that had their students mentally answering math computation questions, I put my own son in that class. Shortly after being enrolled, He, too, learned how to do Mental Math. From that point on, math was my son's best subject. Teachers can really make a difference and parents can help affect change.
They can start with asking simple math questions and going on to harder questions, as the child gets older. Parents should continually ask children mathematical computation questions and give positive feedback when they respond. Children love to receive positive feedback and that encourages continues growth.
A journey of 1,000 miles begins with the first step. A trade journal is the key to long-term success. It is simple to maintain and perfect to use for improving your skill. The trick is to print a copy of the chart you use to enter a trade and a copy of the chart you use to exit the trade. Once this is accomplished, you take your notes directly on the chart. By writing on the chart, you diminish your paperwork.
While the newer method does require computer access for every child, most schools now have that capability. As children do more hands-on learning on computers and less in books, these programs are capable of reaching them on a level they can understand.