If you are a swing trader or a position trader, it is easier to maintain a trade-by-trade trading journal. However, a day trader or active trader may find it difficult to document each trade, so a general sentiment of how he is maintaining his system and the overall sentiment on the day may be more appropriate. As you learn some of the various risk management techniques, it will become simpler to use a trading journal on a per-trade basis. Until then, let's take our time.
Trading is an art. By being aware of your intuition and your feelings, you may find that you are able to trade in unique and different ways. The only way to discover that is by documenting it. The information can be maintained separately or right on the charts that you use to execute trades. The key is to document your emotions, logic, and reasoning for entering and exiting trades. Through the accumulation of 10, 30, or 100 journal entries, you are able to reasonably determine how well you are doing.
Use things around the house that they already know and love! : My son has a HUGE adoration for his Thomas Trains... he can tell you every single trains name, number and color. When we started working on recognizing numbers and colors, I tried to use posters, games, workbooks, etc that would help him learn to recognize them... all to no avail! One day, we were playing with his trains, and HE asked me what number one of the trains was. Bells went off in my head and I realized that I could cater his natural curiosity about his beloved trains, and still be 'teaching' him to recognize numbers at the same time!
I have observed teachers who really challenge their students to achieve higher order thinking These teachers take their students as early as the Second Grade and teach them how to add, subtract, multiply and divide using only their bran. We call this Mental Math. When I observed a Second Grade Class that had their students mentally answering math computation questions, I put my own son in that class. Shortly after being enrolled, He, too, learned how to do Mental Math. From that point on, math was my son's best subject. Teachers can really make a difference and parents can help affect change.