I have observed teachers who really challenge their students to achieve higher order thinking These teachers take their students as early as the Second Grade and teach them how to add, subtract, multiply and divide using only their bran. We call this Mental Math. When I observed a Second Grade Class that had their students mentally answering math computation questions, I put my own son in that class. Shortly after being enrolled, He, too, learned how to do Mental Math. From that point on, math was my son's best subject. Teachers can really make a difference and parents can help affect change.
Go Shopping! : You can cater this to all different ages. For young children, you can do a 'mock shop' and let them pretend to go shopping in a pretend store (your kitchen). Label certain items with easy to read prices and print some pretend money for them to shop with! For older children, you can let them help you in the actual grocery store with a specific shopping list. You can even set specific spending limits and give a specific amount of items and let them determine what they can afford, etc.
At the end of all levels, children are greeted by a celebration and encouraged by a computer voice to change topics.
When trying to develop good math students, all avenues should be tried. Parents can make additional progress by allowing children to visit work locations that utilize a lot of math. Children should be exposed to as many careers as possible. Careers in math and even science should be on their list of considerations. Parents should inform children which careers require them to have good math skills.