Parents can assist with developing a lot of the fundamental skills needed for children to succeed in math when they attend school. Parents can do things that will support the schools and hopefully the schools will do the rest.
The same general idea worked when it came to my son's Lego's! It was a great way to work on patterns and following directions! I would draw a pattern on paper for him to copy and recreate with his Legos. It not only helped with his color recognition, but his problem solving skills, fine motor skills and he didn't even know he was doing math!!
Some have a time limit to complete tasks, much like a game. If the math problems are not completed in time, a buzzer sounds indicating that they are out of time. This raises the competitive level from simply completing tasks to competing for how quickly they can do it, and do it correctly.
Get in the Kitchen! I was very hesitant for a while with my son when it came to the kitchen. I worried about the GIANT mess that would be left when he was done "helping". You don't even have to take on the entire project with them! You can start small and let your child help with measuring certain ingredients. You can modify the difficulty of the 'lesson' by talking about the different kinds of measuring cups and seeing what other measurements can also add up to equal one cup, etc.